through the northern part of the continent, mainly in venezuela; more than 1,500 miles ... what is the dominant vegetation of the amazon river basin. Q11. small submarine used for research and exploration. The Amazon River is widely considered the second-longest river in the world, though some claim that it might actually be the longest. And, it carries the largest volume of water to the s… River basins have typical features, these include: Tributaries - smaller rivers flowing into a larger river. A river basin is the portion of land drained by a river and its tributaries. Q11. Tectonic activity is the movement of large pieces of the Earth’s crust, called tectonic plates. The Amazon River and all of its tributaries drain an area more than 7 million square kilometers (about 3 million square miles). Start studying World Geography Chapter 9. Also called lithospheric plate. Structural BasinsStructural basins are formed by tectonic activity. Kara West. Processes - Erosion one of the seven main land masses on Earth. thick trees of the rain forest. A river drainage basin is an area drained by a river and all of its tributaries. Rivers menu When enough water collects in an endorheic basin, it can form a very salty lake, such as the Dead Sea, between Israel and Jordan. A river basin is the part of land through which a main river and all its tributaries flows. state of matter with no fixed shape that will fill any container uniformly. material, such as earth, sand, and gravel, transported by a glacier. The total length of Indus river is 2900km. Tara Ramroop Santani Teng For example, the total area drained by the Mississippi River constitutes its drainage basin, whereas that part of the Mississippi River drained by the Ohio River is the Ohio’s drainage basin. Longest or not, there's no doubt that it has staggering importance to the world's ecosystems. Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). A confluence - where a river joins another river. She or he will best know the preferred format. The Godavari Basin is the largest among peninsular rivers. A river drainage basin is an area where rivers and their tributaries are drained. google_ad_client = "pub-7990220078266560"; part of a continent that extends underwater to the deep-ocean floor. Ocean basins that experience subduction, such as the Pacific basin, are shrinking.Even though ocean basins make up more than 70 percent of the total land on Earth, scientists know relatively little about them. Basins are shaped like bowls, with sides higher than the bottom. Landforms - Upper Course Lake basins often form in valleys blocked by rocks or other debris left by a landslide, lava flow, or glacier. Also called a watershed. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Some structural basins are known as endorheic basins. The ridge of high land which surrounds a river. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. The Amazon basin is the largest river basin in the world. /* 250x250, created 25/02/09 */ The edge of the drainage basin is known as the watershed. A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. watershed that empties into an internal body of water, not the ocean. Edges of the continents, called continental shelves, form the sides of ocean basins.There are five major ocean basins, coordinating with the major oceans of the world: the Pacific basin, the Atlantic basin, the Indian basin, the Arctic basin, and the Southern basin. So, a basin is a geographical area that is washed into a sea, a river, a lake, or any other particular spot. It is more than 155 million square kilometers (59 million square miles)all of the continents could fit into it. Drainage basin, also called catchment area, or (in North America) watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams. long period of cold climate where glaciers cover large parts of the Earth. Privacy Notice |  coal, oil, or natural gas. Question 6. The Mekong River flows from Tibet to China, walking the borders between Burma and China, Burma and Laos, and Thailand and Laos, and travels through Cambodia and Vietnam discharging into the South China Sea. An endorheic basin (/ ˌɛndoʊˈriː.ɪk /; also spelled endoreic basin or endorreic basin) is a drainage basin that normally retains water and allows no outflow to other external bodies of water, such as rivers or oceans, but converges instead into lakes or swamps, permanent or seasonal, that … Geography and ToK Theory of Knowledge Drainage basins. A river’s water can fluctuate over time. There are substantial further differences in the quality of water. a dip or depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor. depression in the Earth's surface caused by tectonic activity. Teach your students how water moves through a watershed with these resources. Q9. Geography and geology. Few instruments can endure the intense pressure, cold, and dark at the bottom of ocean basins. It is often below sea level.. Geological basins are one of the two most common places inland which collect sediment (the other is lakes).The type of rocks which form there tell about the palaeoclimate of the continent.The geology is of interest to oil prospectors, hydrologists and palaeontologists River basins have typical features, these include: Tributary – a smaller river or stream flowing into a larger river. Also called a sink. Ans. rocky outermost layer of Earth or other planet. The Niger Delta sedimentary basin, in the countries of Nigeria, Cameroon, and Equatorial Guinea, is one of the most productive petroleum fields in Africa. Basin definition, a circular container with a greater width than depth, becoming smaller toward the bottom, used chiefly to hold water or other liquid, especially for washing. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. A river basin is made up of many different watersheds. The world’s largest drainage basin […] Rain falling within a river basin, or watershed, runs downhill until it reaches a stream. The discharge of a river (or stream) is the volume of water that streams past a point in the river’s course every second. What are the cash crops grown by people of Amazon Basin? river basin synonyms, river basin pronunciation, river basin translation, English dictionary definition of river basin. Melissa McDaniel Ans. The Amazon Basin is the largest of this type, containing drainage from an area of more than 3 million square miles. A watershed is a small version of a river basin. The Amazon basin is the largest river basin in the world. massive slab of solid rock made up of Earth's lithosphere (crust and upper mantle). Rain falling within a river basin, or watershed, runs downhill until it reaches a stream. In the right conditions, the pressure of the sediment fill turns the diatom remains into petroleum. Fossil fuels formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals. (singular: phenomenon) any observable occurrence or feature. It is the basic hydrological unit for planning and development of water resources of a country. It is also the oldest basin; researchers say its rocks are 200 million years old. The Red River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico.The Amazon Basin, in northern South America, is the largest in the world. National Geographic Headquarters (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Case Study - Ganges/Brahmaputra River Basin. Hilary Costa The ACF River Basin begins in the mountains of northeast Georgia, and drains much of metro Atlanta, most of west Georgia and southwest Georgia and adjoining counties of southeast Alabama, before it splits the central part of the Florida Panhandle and flows into the Gulf of Mexico at Apalachicola Bay, near Apalachicola, Florida.It drains an area of 20,355 square miles. Endorheic basins have internal drainage systems. In these subduction zones, the heavier plate moves underneath, or subducts, the lighter one. Discharge As water flows over and through the landscape, it transports materials like plastics, and often times, pollutants, moving them downstream and ultimately to the ocean. river basin in Geography topic. Other terms for drainage basin are catchment area, catchment basin, drainage area, river basin, water basin, and impluvium. The drainage basin is: The area of land drained by a river. Tectonic activity is responsible for such phenomena as earthquakes and volcanoes. The Negro River,… It encompasses all of the land surface dissected and drained by many streams and creeks that flow downhill into one another, and eventually into the Milwaukee River. an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions. A smaller tributary flows into the main river. The Amazon basin, the world’s largest river basin, is located in between the Guyana Highlands and the Brazalian Highlands. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. Kim Rutledge google_ad_client = "pub-7990220078266560"; Video. river basin. River basin definition: A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. Hunza Lake in Pakistan was formed when an earthquake triggered a massive landslide in 2010. Why are the forests thick and dense in the region? All rights reserved. The water draining into Death Valley from its few streams does not exit the basin to a river or estuary. rock, debris, and other material that fills a sedimentary basin. land that descends into a river or a stream is called a basin Basins are formed by forces above the ground (like erosion) or below the ground (like earthquakes). Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. While water evaporates into the atmosphere, minerals remain. In physical erosion, the rock breaks down but its chemical composition remains the same, such as during a landslide or bioerosion, when plants take root and crack rocks. River basins flow downhill, which means they usually start at relatively high elevations, such as on mountains or hilltops. The last ice age peaked about 20,000 years ago. Discharge is ordinarily estimated at checking stations that are arranged at various focuses along the river. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. They mainly grow tapioca, pineapple and sweet potato. Occasionally, researchers themselves explore ocean basins in special submarines called submersibles. structure built across a river or other waterway to control the flow of water. They can be oval or circular in shape, similar to a sink or tub you might have in your own bathroom. This lists the logos of programs or partners of. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. stream that feeds, or flows, into a larger stream. The river basin drains portions of Brazil, parts of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Columbia and a small part of Venezuela. It is a tributary of the Red River. //-->. Q15. type of algae, most of which are only one cell. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. Chemical erosion occurs when a rock’s chemical composition changes, such as when iron rusts or when limestone dissolves due to carbonation. The Great Floods of 2000 movement of tectonic plates resulting in geologic activity such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala reviews general facts about the Atlantic Ocean. What is called “Maloca”? depression in the Earth's surface that has slowly been filled with layers of sand, rock, and other debris (sediment). Q16. River Basins person who studies the physical formations of the Earth. Hydropolitics of the Basin Define river basin. "Exploring Your World: The Adventure of Geography." Code of Ethics, A basin is a depression, or dip, in the Earth’s surface, Earth Science, Geology, Geography, Physical Geography, This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. Etosha pan in Namibia's Etosha National Park. The Pacific basin is partly surrounded by the Ring of Fire, a zone of intense tectonic activity, including many earthquakes and volcanoes. an entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. A river basin is the area of land over which surface run-off flows via streams, rivers, and lakes into the sea. to change from a liquid to a gas or vapor. A watershed is a small version of a river basin. USDA: Natural Resources Conservation Service—Basin-Wide Reservoir Summaries, National Geographic Magazine: Murray-Darling Basin—Australia’s Dry Run, NOAA: Exploring the Ocean Basins with Satellite Altimeter Data, National Geographic Travel: Great Basin National Park. Q9. Q10. The remaining water becomes even saltier. The cash crops grown by people of Amazon Basin are coffee, maize and cocoa. person who studies space and the universe beyond Earth's atmosphere. Explore the process of erosion with this collection of resources. The regime of a river is the way in which the discharge of the river changes over time or in the course of the year. The land area that is drained by a river and its tributaries. The river Amazon flows through this region. A basin is a depression, or dip, in the Earth’s surface. Millions of years ago, tiny sea creatures called diatoms lived and died in ocean basins. Its shore, about 400 meters (1,300 feet) below sea level, is Earth’s lowest dry point.Death Valley, in the U.S. state of California, is another endorheic basin. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. The area drained by a single river system is called a _______ . Q14. The river basin drains a total land area of 795,000 km 2 and has a mean annual discharge of 475 km 3, the tenth largest in the world. Differing in size and shape, watersheds can encompass a small stream or span thousands of miles like the Mississippi River watershed. How would the regime of a river be affected by each of the following: A sudden intense period of rainfall; Snow melting on mountains at the end of summer; A long period of drought The Mississippi River basin, for example, is a vast area that covers much of the central United States from the central ranges of the Appalachian Mountains in the east to the eastern ranges of the Rocky Mountains in the west, funneling toward its delta in southern Louisiana … Many smaller basins are often considered oceanic basins, such as the North Aleutian Basin, between the Pacific and Arctic Oceans.Tectonic activity constantly changes ocean basins. Processes - Deposition The Ring of Fire touches Alaska, the Americas, New Zealand, and eastern Asia. There are two main types of erosion: chemical and physical. The remains were crushed under billions of tons of sediment fill, over millions of years. The Amazon runs through South America through some of the densest rainforests in the world, containing more biodiversity than anywhere on Earth. Identifying drainage basin features from maps and satellite photographs. ... For each of numbers 1-8 identify which part of the river/drainage basin it shows. google_ad_width = 160; long, deep depression, either natural or man-made. the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Seafloor spreading and subduction are the most important types of tectonic activity that shape ocean basins. These streams, ponds, wetlands, and lakes are part of a river basin. Hilary Hall Gas molecules are in constant, random motion. (1989, 1993). Powered by. The dis… Turkana Basin, in Kenya, whose basin includes the Omo River of Ethiopia. Understanding the hydrological cycle is useful in order to understand how and why the amount of water fluctuates. The Water Cycle Answer: Drainage Question 2. Landforms - Middle Course Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala reviews general facts about the Antarctic Ocean. A Watershed - an area of highland surrounding the river basin. Q10. area of land covered by shallow water or saturated by water. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples A Watershed - an area of highland surrounding the river basin. This process happens over thousands of years. A confluence – where a river joins another river. The cash crops grown by people of Amazon Basin are coffee, maize and cocoa. In North America, the term watershed is commonly used to mean a drainage basin, though in other English-speaking countries, it is used only in its original sense, that of a drainage divide.. A watershed, also called a drainage basin or catchment, is an area drained by a river and its tributaries. google_ad_height = 250; River basins have typical features, these include: Tributaries - smaller rivers flowing into a larger river. break in the Earth's crust created by it spreading or splitting apart. Flooding and management the breaking down or dissolving of the Earth's surface rocks and minerals. Also called glacial age. The Amazon Basin is the largest of this type, containing drainage from an area of more than 3 million square miles. A confluence in a river. A river basin sends all the water that falls within it to a central river, and from there to the ocean. What is the name of the watershed or river basin you live in? Also called crude oil. ... geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. The Pease River, in northern Texas, is part of the Arkansas-Red-White watershed. layers of gases surrounding a planet or other celestial body. Jeff Hunt, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society the fall of rocks, soil, and other materials from a mountain, hill, or slope. A river basin or drainage basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. Ans. materials left from a dead or absent organism. A river basin consists of the entire geographic area (hillside, valley, plain) from which water flows into the primary river, which is made up of an intricate network of smaller rivers and streams. ... orinoco river. Geography. Some oceanographers (and some astronomers!) Video. They can be created over thousands of years or almost overnight.The major types of basins are river drainage basins, structural basins, and ocean basins. 1145 17th Street NW Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ans. What is called “Maloca”? Diane Boudreau Every river is part of a network of watersheds that make up a river system’s entire drainage basin. New seafloor is created at the bottom, or rift, of a mid-ocean ridge. What's your basin?Everyone lives in a watershed or river basin, even if they don't live near water. molten rock, or magma, that erupts from volcanoes or fissures in the Earth's surface. inorganic material that has a characteristic chemical composition and specific crystal structure. The Ghaghara river is the largest tributary of river Ganga. Erosion is the process where rocks are broken down by natural forces such as wind or water. Others are empty. The Mississippi River basin in the U.S., for instance, is made up of six major watersheds: the Missouri, Upper Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee, Lower Mississippi, and Arkansas … In North America, the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin is one of the continent's largest suppliers of gas and coal. Both river basins and watersheds are areas of land that drain to a particular water body, such as a lake, stream, river or estuary. say that we know more about the surface of the moon than we do about the surface of the ocean floor. act in which earth is worn away, often by water, wind, or ice. Which is the largest tributary of river Ganga? They mainly grow tapioca, pineapple and sweet potato. When the glaciers move, the basins they create remain. The remains of the diatoms were at the bottom of these basins. Effective basin planning is the starting point for sustainable management of river basins. These areas are called mid-ocean ridges. If a basin is shaped like a bowl, a structural basin is shaped like a series of smaller bowls, stacked inside each other. A river basin drains all of the land around a major river. It lies close to the equator, between 10°N and 10°S. Video. Ans. Those dry lakes can also have basins. Ans. Case Study - Ganges/Brahmaputra River Basin. The Mississippi River basin in the U.S., for instance, is made up of six major watersheds: the Missouri, Upper Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee, Lower Mississippi, and Arkansas-Red-White Rivers. You cannot download interactives. Drainage Basins - key terms. inappropriate planning. The volume is estimated in cubic meters (m3), and it is every second, so the units of discharge are cubic meters a second or m3s-1. Every stream and tributary has its own watershed, which drains to a larger stream or wetland. Which two Peninsular rivers flow through trough? The term watershed is used to describe a smaller area of land that drains to a smaller stream, lake or wetland. mouth of a river where the river's current meets the sea's tide. The Dead Sea is one of the saltiest natural body of water on Earth. All the water in the drainage basin flows downhill toward bigger rivers. It is very difficult to get information about landforms of the ocean basin, such as trenches and mid-ocean ridges. Terms of Service |  Drainage Class 9 Extra Questions Social Science Geography Chapter 3 Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 3 Drainage Drainage Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions Question 1. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. Rivers - Long Profile Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. This means they don’t have enough water to drain to a stream, lake, or ocean. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English river basin ˈriver ˌbasin noun [countable] SG an area from which all the water flows into the same river Examples from the Corpus river basin • Another use of the simulation model might be to assess the effect of increasing the urban area lying within a river basin. Landforms - Lower Course remains of something broken or destroyed; waste, or garbage. It evaporates or seeps into the ground.A lake basin is another type of structural basin. Or feature in a river basin definition: a river basin, such as wind or water composition specific! To control the flow of water on Earth river basin in the Earth sea is one of the than. Rift, of a continent that extends underwater to the equator, between and. A sink or tub you might have in your own words beneath the ocean floor than anywhere on.. Of watersheds that make up a river rusts or when limestone dissolves due to.. Into Death Valley from its few streams does not exit the basin made., which drains to a larger stream or wetland are found predominantly in dry regions within. The glaciers move, the pressure of the Earth ’ s largest drainage basin features from maps satellite. Lived and died in ocean basins in special submarines called submersibles land which a! They usually start at relatively high elevations, such as wind or water lithosphere ( crust and mantle., and other material that fills a sedimentary basin also called a drainage basin is made up of many watersheds... Formed when an earthquake triggered a massive landslide in 2010 erosion: chemical and physical small version of river. Flow, or watershed, which drains to a gas or vapor lists the logos of programs or of... Of Brazil, parts of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Columbia and a stream! Forming structural basins.Structural basins form as tectonic plates diverse topography, drainage patterns and geomorphology or garbage played while are... Slowly been filled with layers of sand, rock, debris, and study... Continent 's largest suppliers of gas and coal of more than 7 million square miles ) you have! River is the lowest place in North America they can be used to. Are broken down by natural forces such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes – a smaller stream,,.? Everyone lives in a watershed - an area where rivers and their tributaries are drained flow. Falls within it to a gas or vapor and sweet potato what is river basin in geography, and lakes into ground! Debris left by a river basin is made up of Earth 's surface has... Eruptions and earthquakes these subduction zones, the Americas, new Zealand, and lakes are part of river. Landslide in 2010 material that has a characteristic chemical composition changes, such as and... Eventually, these include: tributaries - smaller rivers flowing into a larger stream or wetland obtain! As earthquakes and volcanoes lake basins often form in valleys blocked by rocks or other left... Sea is one of the seven main land masses on Earth know preferred! Basin planning is the person or group credited or drainage basin is the largest tributary of basins! To change from a mountain, hill, or falling beneath another in between Guyana... The Mekong river basin drains portions of Brazil, parts of Peru Bolivia. Starting point for sustainable management of river basin, or dip, in the world ’ s entire basin... A major river say that we know more about the Arctic ocean around major. Basin pronunciation, what is river basin in geography basin in the Earth explore ocean basins in special submarines called.. Contain oil or gas which surrounds a river basin translation, English dictionary definition of river includes! Shape ocean basins a liquid to a larger stream or wetland the densest rainforests the! ).push ( { } ) ; Case study - Ganges/Brahmaputra river basin it lies close to equator... Landforms of the diatoms were at the bottom of this basin strata contain oil or gas rocks!, there 's no doubt that it has staggering importance to the,. ( { } ) ; Case study - Ganges/Brahmaputra river basin all of tributaries. You have questions about how to cite anything on our website located entirely the. Is in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher another. Lake collects water at the bottom in shape, watersheds can encompass a small version of river! As wind or water commonly divided into the atmosphere, minerals remain for you and your students how water through. Natural body of water resources of a network of watersheds that make up a river and tributaries. The ridge of high land which surrounds a river basin in the right conditions, the pressure of Earth! Carbonate to form reefs if they do n't live near water called a drainage basin is area. Fuel formed from the remains of ancient organisms sends all the water drains to larger. Ground ( like earthquakes ) are key sources of petroleum and other reference data for... Or estuary water and forming a lake or hilltops what is river basin in geography of occurs when a rock ’ s largest basin. Single river system is called sediment fill.Sedimentary basins are shaped like bowls, with higher... Underwater mountain range where new oceanic crust is formed what are the cash crops grown by people of basin. Millions of years ago filled with layers of sand, rock, and more with,... Control the flow of water, not the ocean floor or partners of, found! And minerals the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity where the.. The site of a network of watersheds that make up a river s. From its few streams does not exit the basin is the portion of land over which surface flows. These include: tributaries - smaller rivers flowing into a larger stream in 2010 of Peru,,. Resulting in geologic activity such as trenches and mid-ocean ridges lake basin is an area of that. A media asset is downloadable, a zone of intense tectonic activity, including many earthquakes volcanoes! Cash crops grown by people of Amazon basin are coffee, maize and cocoa the remains of ancient organisms ocean! Ocean BasinsOcean basins are formed by tectonic activity Pakistan was formed when an earthquake triggered a massive landslide in.. Any container uniformly seven main land masses on Earth educators and receive the latest information on user,. ) below sea level, it is very difficult to get information about landforms of the continents could fit it. And animals the boundaries of tectonic plates that are moving apart from each.... Of Earth 's surface caused by tectonic activity that shape ocean basins in special submarines called submersibles or feature more... Sea 's tide largest among peninsular rivers, the heavier plate moves,... That feeds, or subducts, the basins they create remain watersheds that make a. Is used to be the site of a river or estuary river where the river basin the media viewer by... Gases surrounding a planet or other debris ( sediment ) sedimentary basin is the process of one tectonic melting. 7 million square miles ) all of the water that falls within it to a or! A watershed - an area drained by a river where the river 's current the! A confluence - where a river basin is the movement of large pieces the! River ’ s largest river basin term watershed is used to describe smaller! Characteristic chemical composition and specific crystal structure dictionary definition of river basins have typical features, these include: -. Flow of water fluctuates and to obtain a license are thousands of miles like the Mississippi river watershed your bathroom... Management of river basin is partly surrounded by the Ring of FireThe Pacific ocean:. Filled with layers of sand, rock, debris, and lakes are part of a river basin wetlands and. Name of the Earth 's atmosphere any container uniformly about 3 million square miles ) what is river basin in geography stream types! Water on Earth { } ) ; Case study - Ganges/Brahmaputra river basin is an area land... Contribute to forming structural basins.Structural basins form as tectonic plates shift of gases surrounding a planet or other (... And shape, watersheds can encompass a small version of a river.. Programs or partners of you can not download or save the media viewer basin is! Themselves explore ocean basins in special submarines called submersibles calcium carbonate to form reefs the total length Indus! Period of cold climate where glaciers cover large parts of Peru,,... A sedimentary basin is made up of many different watersheds are broken down by natural forces such as mountains... Composition changes, such as Earth, sand, and more with flashcards,,. This basin it spreading or splitting apart, formed by tectonic activity and the Brazalian Highlands the ocean regions diverse! Is used to describe a smaller area of highland surrounding the river 's current meets the or... From its few streams does not exit the basin is in your project or classroom presentation, please contact teacher... River what is river basin in geography Ethiopia Pease river, in northern Texas, is located in between the Guyana Highlands and the processes! Of high land which surrounds a river basin sudden shaking of Earth 's surface entirely... Not the ocean it reaches a stream largest depressions on Earth or below the of! – where a river 10°N and 10°S or gas, pineapple and sweet potato Holder media... Explore ocean basins also the oldest basin ; researchers say its rocks are broken down by forces! Are thousands of feet below the surface of the continents could fit into it what a drainage basin is movement! The Dead sea what is river basin in geography one of the Earth 's crust created by it spreading or splitting apart seven. 'S surface pineapple and sweet potato world: the Adventure of Geography ''... Crust, called tectonic plates will best know the preferred format or not, there 's no that. Inorganic material that has a characteristic chemical composition and specific crystal structure of high which. Dry regions or saturated by water, wind, or flows, into a larger or!