However, districts mostly advertise and recruit district education technology positions on the basis of technical skills. Improved technological means like TV and computer act as powerful motivating factors. The Internet is the latest wonder in the modern world of technological communication. It is a round-shaped electronic disk that can store a large amount of data and information for the users. As the system itself is very new and highly technological in nature, its educational use has been confined to the developed countries of the world. It is an application of scientific knowledge to education and training. The concept of the internet has emerged in human mind not because of some commonly agreed upon identical principles, but simply because of the sense of freedom and functional anarchy in mind of modern man. Tim Berners Lee, a research scholar in Switzerland, was able to develop the World Wide Web (WWW) to make the information system on the internet easier to read and understand. It is the common platform of millions of computers working in the world over. They can get the chance to repeat the learning material as many times as required. Telephone line: A telephone line is the means to access the internet service from the Internet Service Provider. One should not be blind to the possible harmful effects of computers in our modern civilization. Innovations and experimentation undertaken in educational technology have opened up new fields of educational research. In today’s world, the business has great benefits with the use of the internet. This creation has explored more new areas of human development in the field of education, information, and communication of knowledge and experience. Technology is becoming an integral part of any modern classroom. It is the communication network that connects together innumerable computers of the whole world. Even in the present century, the computer plays a major role in our day to day life. As we have already entered into a wide world of information technology, we are getting familiar with many of the new terms that have gained more familiarity and importance on the subject. E-mail is the facility provided by the internet. With the help of a computer, the teacher prepares and records the student’s cumulative record cards. However, it depends on the maintenance of confidentiality and integrity by its users. Though there can be many harmful effects of computers. There are certain communication protocols maintains for network security all over the world. We use various educational technological means and modes of education and information in our personal and social life. The website serves the need of one who stores information and the other who receives it. Here is how digital learning is a step up from traditional education methods. An advantage of E-mail is that the receiver’s machine need not be working when the mail arrives at its destination. Therefore, without elaboration on it, below are the harmful effects of a computer. “Education lies at a peculiar crossroad in society. Businesses used to employ fax machines, surface mail and the telephone in the past. Nowadays, mobile SMS has gradually replaced an E-mail account. Thus, the qualities and advantages are as below: A computer can act more correctly and accurately than what man can do. Also, the use of video conferencing is on the rise, thus reducing the need for physical travel. The term ‘website’ is one of them that relates to the internet in information technology. Tangible Computing: Embedding computation to the physical via intelligent objects, the internet of things, and connectivity with a profound impact on learning mechanisms. Tablet PCs, the latest trend can also be used in education. Therefore, E-mail is able to satisfy the fastest need of modern men in a fast-moving society today. The 21st century is undoubtedly going to be the computer age for a man. It enables information to be stored, shared, and accessed on any device that’s connected to the internet. It’s also used to give students the opportunity to chat live with their instructors and other classmates. We can even say that the present age is undoubtedly the age of the computer. The roles of educational technology in modern education are as follows: The Scientific and Technological Basis of Education, Education attains the status of science and technology owing to the application of technological means and methods in teaching-learning activity. Characteristics of Educational Technology are as follows: It is a fast growing modern discipline. It can store and remember man’s work more reliably. A user can search for information in the web pages by using the browser which is a software program that follows protocol to execute the instruction. Internet Service Provider (ISP): It is an agent responsible for providing internet service to the user. The same likely applies to learning. One of the most common applications of computers in education today involves the ongoing use of educational software and programs that facilitate personalized online instruction for students. Literally ‘web’ stands for ‘net’ or ‘network’ and ‘site’ stands for ‘place’ or ‘location’ of information in the network all over the world. 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 218.20. 1, Fall 1999-18-Identification of Quality Characteristics for Technology Education Programs: A North Carolina Case Study Aaron C. Clark and Robert E. Wenig Since its beginning, technology education has consistently pursued quality outcomes in course offerings. 2. To ensure this, a technique of password is used with the E-mail address. As a result, consumers can also come to know the quality of the products and their usability through the internet. The receiver of the message need not sit on the computer all the time. The functions of E-mail that involve receiving, storing, forwarding, and monitoring of the message are done by the software called Email software. The first introductory page is called the ‘home page’. It also involves a good deal of technical knowledge and it requires training for its effective use. The capacity of an E-mail account is also very large. Within these domains are 6 sub-domains that represent both areas of growth and characteristics of how learning might change when fused with emerging technologies. They can only be read and presented, but could not be modified, erased, or filled in with a new one. The service can be availed from the provider by giving a subscription or by paying fees. The technology should become an integral part of how the classroom functions -- as accessible as all other classroom tools." It helps the students, the teachers, and the educational administrators in many ways through the use of this technology. It also keeps the privacy and confidentiality of the message sent to the receiver. Computer today has been able to open up a new horizon of human education known as Educational Technology. A wider prospect of the use of computers has been opened up in the field of education. The contents of the web site may be kept in the form of text, pictures, sounds, music, or any other sensory experiences. Such information may include the nature of courses for study and the duration. It involves human and non-human resources in the process of learning. World Wide Web (WWW) is a part of internet services. Technology of education plays a major role in the educational process and this importance is reflected in raising the level of education and learning and the development of thinking, by: â€¢ Raising the learner’s attention: It is working to raise the learner to watch a film or television program or transparent segments on a particular topic. There are probably other characteristics or dimensions of educational media that might also be identified, but three key characteristics or dimensions are particularly important: broadcast vs communicative; synchronous (live) vs asynchronous (recorded) single vs rich media • Technology also cooperate learning by new ideas. With the use of science and technology in the teaching methods, education has become all the way more fun, easy and interesting for the students. In order to gain prominence in the eyes of others, and to serve each other’s purpose better, it is necessary to let others know one’s own resources and potentials. It controls the environment, its media, and the method in order to give better results in learning. The use of educational technology in education has definitely brought about an improvement in teaching. Every aspect of modern education is inspired and influenced by technological means, methods, and principles. Its stored up contents cannot be erased or filled up or modified. TEIs offer the opportunity for students to actively participate … Thus, it is the massive worldwide network system of computers. A modern computer can work mathematical and science problems, organize, systematize, and handle any type of information, which is beyond the reach of the human brain. This visualization attempts to organize a series of emerging technologies that are likely to influence education in the upcoming decades. In the field of educational technology, the students, teachers, and the researchers may also make use of the website in upgrading their knowledge and information on the respective subjects. It is the world’s largest and fastest service offered on the internet through the World Wide Web. Also, it gives stress on the development and use of new methods and techniques for effective learning. The Definition of Education Technology in China . Educational Technology Characteristics of Educational technology It involves input, output and process aspects of education. As a result, a modern man may make himself well informed with the latest and up to date news and information. The contents of knowledge stored in the disk remain compact without any damage for a long time. It may be said as a big step to the globalization of education. Thus, it has been globalized in its function. Also, the teacher can teach the student’s science and mathematics subjects. Combine them and you’ve got even greater uncertainty, but that’s what Michell Zappa and the folks over at Envisioningtech did in creating the following massive concept map. Training in physical exercises, games and sports, classical dance recital, and much more such training programs may be also facilitated by the CD-Rom. The computer is not the invention of one man. In order to derive the information facility of E-mail, both the sender and the receiver must have their respective E-mail account opened. That can also give reliability and authenticity of knowledge received. Gamification: Billed as an evolution in grading mechanisms, gamification brings instant feedback to acquired knowledge through achievements and points systems. Also, due to the internet, every home can watch famous international games and sports that take place on any part of the world. Technological outlook and approach to education has made its study more realistic, experimental and innovative in nature. A variety of areas in human learning and experiences have been covered by the internet so far, and many more are yet to come. Major characteristics of the computer are: Computer as a technological means of education is gradually capturing the whole process of modern education, owing to the fact that it has specific qualities and advantages over the other ways and means. Along with the message, the pictures, sound, and music can also be. Also, it has the capacity to raise the educational standard to the international level. Further, CD’s can give a better audiovisual effect for self-learning of the students on various subjects not covered by the curricular courses. The education of its citizenry is the bedrock of national development in any country. The computer can ask questions to test the student’s ability, to understand and can indicate that the answer is right or wrong. Journal of Technology Education Vol. But nowadays, an E-mail account seems to be gradually being replaced by the mobile Short Message Services (SMS). The use of computers as a teaching aid is famous as Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI). So, to convert the analog signals to digital signals, and then the digital signals to analog signals, it requires a modem. The procedure of admission, training facilities provided the faculty resources and the past academic achievement of the institution, etc. The Characteristics of Educational Technology It is the systematic application of scientific knowledge and experience to education. It provides technical guidance and assistance to the solution of the problems in education. Computer scientists and technologists have perceived the possibility of bringing about a new era of human civilization through the use of computers. One of the highly technologically developed and modernized communication systems bearing great educational potentiality for the coming generation is teleconferencing. Also, it gives stress on the development and use of new methods and techniques for effective learning. Software to interact with the other components. But with the use of educational technology, it has made us visualize it from an objective and realistic standpoint. But teleconferencing makes it possible to discuss certain mutual problems by groups of individuals seeing one another on the screen of the monitor. In a related vein, cloud technology is enabling a new educational model known as ‘flipped classrooms’ in whi… In order to establish a close relationship between the teacher and the parents through the correspondence of letters, the computer may prove to be of great help. CD-ROM may in a sense be said as a technologically more improved and lively means than the printed materials of books traditionally being used. A computer can take all responsibility of processing and planning of educational work for the head of the institution. They are preserved in a number of electronic pages called ‘web pages’. It may undertake the task of memory work of the administrator in all matters and help in increasing administrative efficiency of him. The instrument is very costly. It may practically help in financial management regarding fees collection, donation, payment of teachers and a government grant, etc. Internet communication recognizes no political boundaries. It may serve the need of a company, an agency, or an organization or even a particular person in the process of such communication. Also, it has been evolved and developed by a good number of scientists and technologists so far. It has inspired the scientists for more effective and innovative means to be applied in imparting mass education. It is the systematic application of scientific knowledge and experience to education. The businessmen and the big business houses use to take advantage of this media. Also, they make intellectual co-operation and coordination in the matter of academic exchange of knowledge and concept. No one invents the Internet. The appropriate answer is that many inventors have contributed to the development of different systems of computers. Also, it acts as the best means of academic exchange of knowledge and experiences among university scholars for their creative work. Affective • Students develop interest in learning. In response to this need, the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Educational Technology, in partnership with the American Institutes for Research (AIR), developed a research-based synthesis defining a set of policies and practices implemented by successful Future Ready district leaders. In order to send and receive E-mail, both sides should have an E-mail account on the internet. Thus, the internet has a rich content of information in the form of text, pictures, sounds, and video clips. The experimental work was even when the nuclear disaster took place due to hit by enemy nuclear missiles, the existing communication system should continue to function. The increased use of educational technology in modern education has thrown a challenging responsibility to the teacher and the taught. In addition to practical educational experience, educational technology is based on theoretical knowledge from various disciplines such as communication, education, psychology, sociology, artificial intelligence, and computer science. Programs like iReady use computers to assess students in reading and math. Therefore, it maintains the privacy of knowledge and information in the matter of communication. A brief description and analysis of them are below: The computer is a wonderful creation of mankind that was invented during the middle of the 20th century. ). The Internet has provided a wider spectrum of learning opportunities in the field of education and information at present. In order to send letters, a person should have a unique E-mail address or Email ID on the internet. 1. In fact, the first web page on the web site is called the ‘home page’ which contains the instruction to the entire information present on a particular website. When a computer from distance is connected to the internet through a server, the user can have access to that information by using a unique address called ‘website address’. Self-learning and self-instructional programs and materials are being used to make the learner personally involved. Thus CD-ROM is an external part of the computer system that records all sorts of audio and video images. & district characteristics: 2002–03, 2004–05, and 2009–10 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 702.10. It plainly goes to mean the study of the techniques or skills involved in teaching-learning activity that use to take place between the two agencies of the teacher and the taught in school. Therefore, the system itself enjoys unlimited freedom in its functioning. A website is a place or location on the World Wide Web, where it stores all types of information. The internet services can help the universities of the world to maintain their universal Character in respect to their exchange of knowledge and experience. 4. The internet has been able to serve the need of recreation of the modern man through entertainment. At present, it has become more convenient to telecast TV news and information to make it more authentic and realistic. In the visual there are three distinct domains/learning spaces: Classroom, Studio, and Virtual. It can be used to chat with people from different countries and get the latest news and information immediately. Also, it can train the students in keeping the educational facts, data, and information in a more systematic way. Modern education is derived from traditional education. Thus, a computer is of great help to the teacher. The machine receives information, processes them in order of sequence, and gives the necessary outcome or the result to the user. It is a further step to the development of computer technology. The cloud hosts apps and services on the internet instead of being on a user’s computer. Information Technology in Education. It is an electronic machine, capable of solving computational problems by processing or manipulating data and information as per the instructions of the operator. Email not only carries the message but may also deliver pictures along with sound and music to the receiver. Computers can act as a means of communication to people of the whole world through the internet. It translates the digital data sent by the computer into analog form. Digital signals are discontinuous in the form of zeros and ones (1010 etc.). The undertaking of research work by the research scholars on a certain subject has been very much simplified by the internet. The internet comprises of thousands of smaller regional networks that spread throughout the globe. Even the youngest children have access to these media with 83% of children aged 6 months to 6 years using screens every day for recreation, school work or reading. Presently the Department of Tourism of the government may be developed by attracting foreign tourists through the presentation of the CDs of the land. In fact, Open Universities like the IGNOU in our country have fully utilized the communication facility provided by the internet for the promotion of distance learning. Its storage capacity is also very large and remains compact. It has been realized that Educational Technology has great potential in bringing about improvement in the teaching-learning process. The teacher is an organizer, planner, program maker, manipulator, and instructor, but not a teacher in the traditional sense. It may greatly assist the teacher in analyzing and sorting out of the student’s result for necessary observation. Also, to access the E-mail, each user has a unique identification or ‘ID’ called E-mail address through which he may have easy access to the E-mail account. One web page may carry a single unit of information, often called a document. Modem: It stands for modulation and demodulation of signals. The US Department of Defense in the 1960s had undertaken the experimental work of the internet. 5. It is a piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered as a separate invention of its own. It has made use of more flexible and variable methods and techniques of teaching. Also, it makes it possible to equalize the educational opportunities to all people irrespective of the differences in social and economic status. It stresses upon developing methods and techniques for effective learning. It can be used when a large volume of data such as a dictionary and encyclopedia needs to be preserved for future use. It brings pupils, teachers and technical means together in an effective way. 1. 3. Thus, they play a significant role in today’s world. These educational technologies include computers, the internet, E-mail, Teleconferencing, CD ROM, and Website. It is a bold step ahead in developing modern communication technology through the use of computers. Since 1981, computers have increased and developed their functions dramatically. Envisioning The Future Of Technology In Education. Predicting the growth of technology is impossible–in both rate and direction. Educational Technology accepts schools as a system. The internet facilitates the concept of distance learning through correspondence or distance learning. The mail automatically gets stored in the mailbox or in-box of the receiver. The scope of non-formal education through the correspondence of letters by the learner has been an easy means through this system. It is a system of improved communication through conversation, discussion, and exchange of ideas of two or more groups of persons at a time from far off lands. Educational technology tries to bring about desired changes in the traditional methods for more efficiency and the economy of learning. It is compact machinery, made up of many parts. 6. At present computers may be better known as the electronic brain or thinking machine of man because it is beyond the capacity of the human brain. The CD player is provided in the Central Processing Unit (CPU) of the computer itself. through the TV channels. • Students can’t express their feeling to technology. In Chapter 3 the committee argues that the guiding principles for scientific research in education are the same as those in the social, physical, and life sciences. They are as follows: As the media of education, the system is yet to be geared up in our country. Further, it makes use of multi-media in learning like audiovisual aids, hardware, and software, mass-media technology, etc. • It helps in analyzing. It creates a natural situation of conversation of people through the screen as if in the presence of one another. The telephone system provides an opportunity for conversation only to two persons at a time without seeing each other. Further, it provides an educational opportunity to those physically handicapped and also to those who are living in geographical isolation. Transmission and delivery of the message take place within minutes to any part of the world with security and reliability. Virtual/Physical Studios: Bridging the online–offline gap, these future technologies offer a potential … The teleconferencing system, therefore, provides a natural, lively, and spontaneous situation of face to face communication even at the international level. This display of CD is made by the CPU of the computer. The term ‘Educational Technology’ implies the study of the techniques, methods, or skills of activity that relate to the field of education. Essential Characteristics for Educational Technology (#EdTech) Success In this Vlog post, I draw upon my work as an EdTech professional and my work with schools to talk about the essential characteristics needed for teachers to be successful with technology for learning. So, one can have access to it only through the internet. The inventor of the computer is the most natural question which of course does not have a simple answer. This E-mail service facility through the internet is provided by different service agencies like Rediff mail.com, Yahoomail.com, etc. As such, poor people cannot afford to purchase it for their education. It aims at increasing efficiency in teaching-learning activity. They include programming of the curricular contents, use of the audio-visual aids, techniques and strategies of teaching, the methodology of teacher training, feedback in learning, and so on. Examples: student developed apps, educational games, educational programming tools, achievement badges, self-paced learning. Thereby, it ensures that no two persons having different E-mail account can have easy access to each other’s account without permission. On consideration of the nature of the communication teleconferencing system may be divided into three types. 1. The development of mass education by making it open to all people has been made possible through the use of educational technology. Whereas, on the human level, the internet may be said as the people who make use of those computers and share information among themselves. Thus, in the fast-changing nature of modern technology in education teleconferencing system may emerge as the workable method of globalization of education. The present form of World Wide Internet Service owes its origin to this achievement. 4. 5,6 When evaluating the educational potential of an app, it is important to consider the minds-on nature of the learning activity. The pace of change brought about by new technologies has had a significant effect on the way people live, work, and play worldwide. A new discovery in science and technology may be facilitated through it. Also, it can help the medical men to identify diseases, undertake surgical action, and offer treatment from a distance. It may serve the need of one who gives and the other who receives such information through communication media. The teachers can use the computer to make the necessary educational planning before the start of the academic session. Besides, the computer is mainly responsible for creating the problem of unemployment in the country. This has led to the emergence of a promising subject in education, known as Educational Technology. Virtual/Physical Studios: Bridging the online–offline gap, these future technologies offer a potential future where embodiment is secondary to information access. This is true in many contexts for varied learners. CD-ROM may be said as an improved technological means that may act as a substitute for the traditional method of using books. As such, a computer can finish typing several hundreds of letters in no time. Conducting examination and publication of the result and mark sheets that involve a good deal of responsibility may be smoothly conducted by the computer. 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