He may, however, accord the right of reply to any member if a speech delivered after he has declared the list closed makes this desirable. Secretariat (Rules 45 to 50) VIII. The President may limit the time to be allowed to speakers under this rule. 1.0 Administrative 1.1 The Secretariat. Discussion of a report of a Main Committee in a plenary meeting of the General Assembly shall take place if at least one third of the members present and voting at the plenary meeting consider such a discussion to be necessary. But in this case, because ambassadors are working from their missions or from home as a result of COVID-19, the new rule calls for silence procedures for all votes. The President may, however, permit the discussion and consideration of amendments, or of motions as to procedure, even though such amendments and motions have not been circulated or have only been circulated the same day. During the course of a debate, the President may announce the list of speakers and, with the consent of the General Assembly, declare the list closed. Reviewing reports from the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council; 2. Books & More, UN The Report to the Congress on Voting Practices in the United Nations was first published in 1984, for the year 1983 pursuant to Public Law 98-151 and Public Law 98-164. 54 ]. Members have been sent two rival resolutions for consideration — and under new voting rules instituted because the global body isn’t holding meetings, if a single country objects a resolution is defeated. It has been suggested that a decision by the General Assembly to hold a session away from Headquarters requires an absolute majority, i.e. Only three rules in the section on “Voting”, how ever (nos. 2 million views of Research Guides annually, Toggle (a) All the Main Committees shall, at least three months before the opening of the session, elect a Chairman. A representative rising to a point of order may not speak on the substance of the matter under discussion. The General Assembly is the main deliberative, ... Voting Records (Digital Library) Meeting Records (Digital Library) Archives ... Intended for information purposes only and does not constitute in any way a legal interpretation of the General Assembly rules of procedure by Member States. Most experts consider most General Assembly resolutions to be non-binding. Credentials (Rules 27 to 29) V. President and Vice-presidents (Rules 30 to 37) VI. Against: Democratic People's Republic of KoreaAbstaining: China, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Viet Nam. An analysis of General Assembly voting can be found in the Repertory of Practice of UN Organs by consulting the section relating to Article 18. Search by resolution symbol, date and/or keyword. Permission to speak on a motion to reconsider shall be accorded only to two speakers opposing the motion, after which it shall be immediately put to the vote. A/RES/74/14) More about UN Documents Symbols; General Assembly voting; Voting records Advanced Search (UN Digital Library) The President may call a speaker to order if his remarks are not relevant to the subject under discussion. All amendments went into effect on January 1, 1950. A representative may move that parts of a proposal or of an amendment should be voted on separately. However, if the General Assembly determines that the issue is an "important question" by a simple majority vote, then a two-thirds majority is required; "important questions" are those that … Members which abstain from voting are considered as not voting. A representative may at any time move the closure of the debate on the item under discussion, whether or not any other representative has signified his wish to speak. (c) To adjourn the debate on the item under discussion; (d) To close the debate on the item under discussion. The GA Handbook does not reflect official positions of the UN Secretariat, and it does not claim to be comprehen-sive. The following notations are used to present the data: From 1982 (37th session) onwards, data transmitted by the voting machine in the General Assembly Hall forms the basis for the chart. Suspension or adjournment of the meeting: rule 76 | Order of procedural motions: rule 77 | Proposals and amendments: rule 78 | Decisions on competence: rule 79 | Withdrawal of motions: rule 80 | Reconsideration of proposals: rule 81, Voting rights: rule 82 | Two-thirds majority: rule 83 | Two-thirds majority: rule 84 | Simple majority: rule 85 | Meaning of the phrase “members present and voting”: rule 86 | Method of voting: rule 87 | Conduct during voting: rule 88 | Division of proposals and amendments: rule 89 | Voting on amendments: rule 90 | Voting on proposals: rule 91 | Elections: rule 92 | Elections: rule 93 | Elections: rule 94 | Equally divided votes: rule 95. The United Nations member states are the 193 sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly. The GA Handbook is not a legal document. While the 15-member Security Council grants unique veto rights to 5 countries, all 193 UN member states have equal voting rights in the General Assembly, making it unique among world bodies. The criteria for admission of new members to the UN are set out in Chapter II, Article 4 of the UN Charter:. Depository Libraries, Index to The majority of General Assembly resolutions are adopted without a vote. Find the voting record of a resolution Resolution symbol (e.g. If in the second ballot the votes are equally divided, and a majority is required, the President shall decide between the candidates by drawing lots. In the case of a recorded vote, the General Assembly shall, unless a representative requests otherwise, dispense with the procedure of calling out the names of the members; nevertheless, the result of the voting shall be inserted in the record in the same manner as that of a roll-call vote. If the General Assembly is in favour of the closure, the President shall declare the closure of the debate. 80, 81 and 82), were affected. To obtain this information, researchers need to consult the meeting records. The General Assembly shall not, unless it decides otherwise, make a final decision upon any item on the agenda until it has received the report of a committee on that item. If all operative parts of the proposal or of the amendment have been rejected, the proposal or the amendment shall be considered to have been rejected as a whole. The roll-call shall be taken in the English alphabetical order of the names of the members, beginning with the member whose name is drawn by lot by the President. The UN General Assembly hosts a much-watched debate of world leaders each year but has struggled to make its work more substantive. No representative may address the General Assembly without having previously obtained the permission of the President. The Security Council generally meets in a designated chamber in the United Nations Conference Building in New York City. General Assembly resolutions usually require a simple majority to pass. For the purposes of these rules, the phrase "members present and voting" means members casting an affirmative or negative vote. "We are moving in a … According to the United Nations Charter, in the General Assembly voting is on the basis of. If a two-thirds majority is required, the balloting shall be continued until one candidate secures two thirds of the votes cast; provided that, after the third inconclusive ballot, votes may be cast for any eligible person or Member. This report reviews voting practices in the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly (UNGA), and presents data in a variety of formats. Scan & Copy, Request Articles, Books & (a) The General Assembly shall normally vote by show of hands or by standing, but any representative may request a roll-call. Rules 49, 82, 83, 85, 144, 146 and 161, which reproduce textually provisions of the Charter, are provided with a footnote. The Secretary-General, or a member of the Secretariat designated by him as his representative, may at any time make either oral or written statements to the General Assembly concerning any question under consideration by it. The President: I shall now call on those representatives who wish to speak in explanation of vote. Any proposal to this effect shall not be debated but shall be immediately put to the vote. The provisional agenda for a regular session shall be drawn up by the Secretary-General and communicated to the Members of the United Nations at least sixty days before the opening of the session. To find how a country voted, limit the search to General Assembly Resolution Adopted With Vote. Normally, General Assembly resolutions are adopted by majority votes or by consensus. A representative may appeal against the ruling of the President. 1.2 Rules Committee. The UN General Assembly on the other hand is also one of the main organs of UN. Between 1975 (30th session) and 1982 (37th session), the voting information was extracted from the meeting records and thus includes notifications submitted at a later point. Document A/520. Where, however, the adoption of one amendment necessarily implies the rejection of another amendment, the latter amendment shall not be put to the vote. Draft resolution A/52/L.13 as a whole was adopted by 151 votes to 1, with 5 abstentions (resolution 52/11). Proposals to refer any portion of the report of the Secretary-General to one of the Main Committees without debate shall be decided upon by the General Assembly without previous reference to the General Committee. Resolution A/RES/2323(XXII) Meeting record … A United Nations General Assembly Resolution is a decision or declaration voted on by all member states of the United Nations in the General Assembly. If a vote is taken, it can be documented in two ways: There are multiple sources for General Assembly voting information. The General Assembly may, after each vote on a proposal, decide whether to vote on the next proposal. The assembly was opened by UN Secretary-General António Guterres, who, without naming China or the US warned "we must do everything to avoid a new Cold War". Excerpts from the official record of the 49th plenary meeting of the General Assembly at its 52nd session, Wednesday, 12 November 1997, 3 p.m. (A/52/PV.49, p. 20). The United Nations plays a major role in providing international assistance to Records (Rules 58 & 59) X. The result of the voting shall be inserted in the record in the English alphabetical order of the names of the members. The General Assembly is the supreme organ of the Organization of American States and is composed of the delegations accredited by the governments of the member states. Vote and Majority Required Article 27 of the UN Charter states that: Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote. Any representative may request a recorded vote. The Secretariat consists of the volunteer staff members of American Model United Nations (AMUN). However, some General Assembly resolutions dealing with matters … General Committee (Rules 38 to 44) VII. These rules state: Such motions shall not be debated but shall be immediately put to the vote. UN General Assembly to decide on rival COVID-19 resolutions ... Members have been sent two rival resolutions for consideration — and under new voting rules instituted because the … After the President has announced the beginning of voting, no representative shall interrupt the voting except on a point of order in connection with the actual conduct of the voting. 7 See Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly, “Assembly. (b) When the General Assembly votes by mechanical means, a non-recorded vote shall replace a vote by show of hands or by standing and a recorded vote shall replace a roll-call vote. Articles 10 and 14 of the UN Charter refer to General Assembly resolutions as "recommendations"; the recommendatory nature of General Assembly resolutions has repeatedly been stressed by the International Court of Justice. The President of the General Assembly, the Senior Vice President(s) of the General Assembly, the Director of Rules and Procedures, and one other person as appointed by the Secretary-General shall compose the membership […] [Rules 82, 83 and 85 reproduce textually the three paragraphs of Article 18 of the General Assembly Voting. The official record of a vote is found in the meeting record of the General Assembly. These provisions shall not prejudice the application of rules 143, 144, 146 and 148. The name of each member shall be called in any roll-call, and one of its representatives shall reply "yes", "no" or "abstention". Agenda Regular Sessions. When an amendment is moved to a proposal, the amendment shall be voted on first. If three such unrestricted ballots are inconclusive, the next three ballots shall be restricted to the two candidates who obtained the greatest number of votes in the third of the unrestricted ballots, and the following three ballots thereafter shall be unrestricted, and so on until a person or Member is elected. I. For the first time in the assembly… When only one person or Member is to be elected and no candidate obtains in the first ballot the majority required, a second ballot shall be taken, which shall be restricted to the two candidates obtaining the largest number of votes. These rules of procedure may be amended by a decision of the General Assembly, taken by a majority of the members present and voting, after a committee has reported on … When two or more amendments are moved to a proposal, the General Assembly shall first vote on the amendment furthest removed in substance from the original proposal and then on the amendment next furthest removed therefrom, and so on until all the amendments have been put to the vote. Decisions of the General Assembly on important questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. The President may limit the time to be allowed for such explanations. Public, Using General Assembly. Each Security Council member must have a representative available at UN Headquarters at all times in case an emergency meeting becomes necessary. Committee voting information can be found in the meeting records of the Committees as well as in the reports which the Committees submit to the plenary on each agenda item allocated to them. … Rules of procedure Explanatory Note. Voting in the General Assembly on certain important questions—namely recommendations on peace and security; budgetary concerns; and the election, admission, suspension or expulsion of members—is by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting. These questions shall include: recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security, the election of the non-permanent members of the Security Council, the election of the members of the Economic and Social Council, the election of members of the Trusteeship Council in accordance with paragraph 1 c of Article 86 of the Charter, the admission of new Members to the United Nations, the suspension of the rights and privileges of membership, the expulsion of Members, questions relating to the operation of the trusteeship system, and budgetary questions. Although the Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly (A/520/Rev.18) do not mention decision-making by consensus, “it is the long-established practice of the General Assembly and its Main Committees to strive for consensus wherever possible” (Oppenheim’s International Law United Nations). Books & More, Print, Decisions of the General Assembly on questions other than those provided for in rule 83, including the determination of additional categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting. Ambassador Richard Mills Deputy Permanent Representative U.S. Mission to the United Nations New York, New York December 10, 2020. Library, must be requested before the voting is conducted, clearly identifies each Member State's position, provides the number of votes for, against, abstaining, and non-voting, does not identify position of individual Member States, Voting information first becomes accessible, in unofficial form, in the, Official voting information can be retrieved from the, Beginning with the 54th session in 1999, official voting information can also be found in the, The UN Library in New York maintains a database with voting records which forms the basis for the voting chart included in the, (Y) subsequently advised the Secretariat of intention to vote YES, (N) subsequently advised the Secretariat of intention to vote NO, (A) subsequently advised the Secretariat of intention to ABSTAIN. Functions and powers of the General Assembly, Arrears in the Payment of Contributions (Article 19), First Committee (Disarmament & International Security), Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian & Cultural), Fourth Committee (Special Political & Decolonization), Fifth Committee (Administrative & Budgetary), Functions and Powers of the General Assembly, Revitalization of the work of the General Assembly, Arrears in the payment of contributions (Article 19). GA is also responsible for the budget of UN. New York, SANA-The United Nations General Assembly on Friday adopted a draft resolution submitted by Liechtenstein and number of states on “the mechanism of electronic voting on General Assembly resolutions in case of the absence of capability of personal attendance,” with a majority of 123 votes ag The Voting Data in the Digital Library provides access to voting information for General Assembly resolutions adopted: The information provided comes from the voting machine in the General Assembly Hall. All elections shall be held by secret ballot. Article 18 of the UN Charter, and rules 82-95 of the Rules of Procedure , concern voting in the General Assembly. Charter]. Of course, most interesting is the voting record which I made certain to obtain from the President of the General Assembly, and I have made explicit in this article. Documents, Visit the Closing of list of speakers, right of reply. Article 18 of the UN Charter, and rules 82-95 of the Rules of Procedure, concern voting in the General Assembly. This report reviews voting practices in the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly (UNGA), and presents data in a variety of formats. navigation, Welcome to the But the vote won’t take place during a full meeting of the General Assembly because New York has become the epicentre of the COVID-19 ... way and carried out with respect for UN voting rules. Rules of procedure II. Electronic Resources, Borrow If two or more proposals relate to the same question, the General Assembly shall, unless it decides otherwise, vote on the proposals in the order in which they have been submitted. Staff, General Subject to rule 77, any motion calling for a decision on the competence of the General Assembly to adopt a proposal submitted to it shall be put to the vote before a vote is taken on the proposal in question. The Chairman and the Rapporteur of a committee may be accorded precedence for the purpose of explaining the conclusions arrived at by their committee. Information, Articles, Rule 12. Secretariat (Rules 45 to 50) The presence of a majority of the members shall be required for any decision to be taken. The “Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly” (GA Rules of Procedure) is the only definitive source on how the GA is to conduct its business. In general, voting takes place: In accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the Rules of Procedure of the body; During formal meetings; On draft resolutions, draft decisions, or procedural matters Sometimes votes are held paragraph by paragraph until a final text is agreed upon Charter]. Legal status. The President may limit the time to be allowed to the speaker moving the suspension or adjournment of the meeting. The database uses the following notations to present the voting information: The database does not include information about votes on draft resolutions not adopted. Mr. President, the United States would like to note that today’s resolution comes at a critical time in the ongoing negotiations, and that this resolution must be based on a shared commitment to supporting Afghanistan peace negotiations and … If objection is made to the request for division, the motion for division shall be voted upon. Under the procedure, if a country supports a resolution, it does nothing. If a vote is equally divided on matters other than elections, a second vote shall be taken at a subsequent meeting which shall be held within forty-eight hours of the first vote; and it shall be expressly mentioned in the agenda that a second vote will be taken on the matter in question. I should like to remind representatives that explanations of vote are limited to 10 minutes and should be made by delegations from their seats. The General Assembly is the world’s primary deliberative body with universal representation. A motion is considered an amendment to a proposal if it merely adds to, deletes from or revises part of the proposal. Minute of silent prayer or meditation (Rule 62) XII. Permission to speak on the motion for division shall be given only to two speakers in favour and two speakers against. According to the United Nations Charter, in the Security Council voting is on the basis of. It is not possible to search by country. Chapter IV, Articles 9-22, of the UN Charter concern the General Assembly.. All Member States participate in the General Assembly and each state has one vote.. Voting may happen in any UN principal organ or body. If one or more amendments are adopted, the amended proposal shall then be voted upon. Voting may happen in any UN principal organ or body. The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. PARTICIPANTS Delegations . A blank space indicates that no vote was recorded. [Rules 82, 83 and 85 reproducing textually the three paragraphs of Article 18 of the Public and private meetings (Rules 60 & 61) XI. The General Assembly is the ... Special Committee believes that it would be inadvisable to amend the rules of procedure and lay down hard and fast rules in the matter [para. RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY . The General Assembly is the main deliberative, ... Voting Records (Digital Library) ... General Committee (Rules 38 to 44) VII. The President: I shall now put to the vote draft resolution A/52/L.13 as a whole. When the debate is limited and a representative exceeds his allotted time, the President shall call him to order without delay. The Assembly’s duties include: 1. The GA Handbook does not reflect official positions of the UN Secretariat, and it does not claim to be comprehen-sive. the affirmative vote of a majority (75)1 of all the Members of the United Nations, as provided in the final clause of rule 3 and in rule 4 of the Assembly's rules of procedure. AS DELIVERED. If the motion for division is carried, those parts of the proposal or of the amendment which are approved shall then be put to the vote as a whole. If this vote also results in equality, the proposal shall be regarded as rejected. During the discussion of any matter, a representative may rise to a point of order, and the point of order shall be immediately decided by the President in accordance with the rules of procedure. The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations. 16. This organ comprises of 192 member states. The president shall call the plenary sessions; decide on the order of business thereof; open and close the plenary sessions; direct the discussions; recognize speakers in the order in which they request the floor; submit points under discussion to a vote and announce the results thereof; decide on points of order in accordance with the provisions of Article 57; install the General Committee of the Assembly; and, in general, comply with and enforce the provisions of these Rules … See also introduction, para. Languages (Rules 51 to 57) IX. The President shall call upon speakers in the order in which they signify their desire to speak. Title Installation of mechanical means of voting : amendments to rules 89 and 128 of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly. Agenda A/6850/Rev.2 25 Installation of mechanical means of voting. Although preliminary in character, this information might be of interest to researchers following each stage of the voting process. The “Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly” (GA Rules of Procedure) is the only definitive source on how the GA is to conduct its business. The General Assembly meets in accordance with the Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly (A/520/Rev.19).. Each year, a regular session is held. During the Fourth Session the Rules were considerably amended”. In general, voting takes place: In accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the Rules of Procedure of the body; During formal meetings; On draft resolutions, draft decisions, or procedural matters Sometimes votes are held paragraph by paragraph until a final text is agreed upon Three Rules in the assembly… Rules of Procedure, if a country voted, limit the to! By consensus moved to a proposal to set such limits Security Council generally meets in designated... 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